Become Familiar with Industrial Sewing Machine PartsMark
There are lots of parts to an industrial sewing machine, and each machine is different, however they share a lot of similar components. Having a needle, feed dogs, bobbins, and a built-in table are all pretty common industrial sewing machine parts. While there are quite a few other parts, these tend to be the most common and most prevalent when becoming familiar with an industrial sewing machine.
You don’t need to know everything about every part of an industrial machine – or even how the different parts function – in order to sew with one. But having a basic understanding about how machines work can help you get a better feel for your industrial sewing machine. It can also help you pinpoint problems with your machine more easily, like if you’re having thread tension issues or your machine is causing its needles to break.
Industrial Sewing Machine Parts
While industrial sewing machines tend to have faster and stronger motors than their domestic counterparts, the average industrial machine operates in much the same way as sewing machines used by hobbyists. However, industrial sewing machines can actually be simpler, seeing as they don’t tend to have as many stitching and embroidery options – which is something domestic machines often have.
Another difference between industrial machines compared to domestic one is that industrial machines aren’t made to be portable. So while a domestic sewing machine can easily be transported in a case, your industrial machine will look more like a small piece of furniture, with a large, flat table under the machine for the sewer to easily feed fabric into the machine. The basic parts of a sewing machine include the following:
- Spool pin: The spool pin is normally located on top of the machine to the middle-right. The spool pin is simply meant to hold your spool of thread in place while still allowing it to turn and release thread into the rest of your machine.
- Bobbin winding spindle: The bobbin winding spindle is located on top of the machine to the right. The bobbin winding spindle is used when you’re putting thread onto your bobbins for sewing.
- Hand wheel: The hand wheel resembles a knob and is located on the right side of the machine. Its purpose is to manually move the machine needle up and down. This is particularly useful when sewing sharp corners, like 90 degree angles, or if you need to remove a garment, but the machine stopped while the needle was holding the garment in place.
- Reverse stitch lever: The reverse stitch dial is usually located on the main panel of the machine facing the sewer. The lever is used to finish of stitching, when the lever is pulled, the machine will sew in reverse, pushing the garment back at the sewer instead of feeding it in.
- Needle: The sewing machine needle is located to the left of the machine in the area where a sewer feeds fabric into the machine. The function of the needle is to make stitches by feeding the thread into the fabric.
- Feed dog: The feed dog is located to the left of the machine right under the area where the needle is. Its purpose is to help fabric move into the machine at a consistent pace so stitches are spaced out evenly, meaning the sewer only needs to steer the fabric into the machine without any need to push.
- Presser foot: The presser foot attaches to the arm above the feed dog. The purpose of the presser foot is to flatten the fabric that’s being fed into the needle so there aren’t any ruffles and creases to flatten out manually. There’s usually a lever to lift and lower the presser foot. The foot should be lifted when you remove garments, and lowered while you sew.
- Bobbin: The bobbin is located under the feed dog. Its purpose is to release thread from under the feed dog to finish off stitches when the needle penetrates the fabric. Without thread feeding from the bobbin, your machine will simply release thread onto the fabric without making real stitches.
- Foot pedal: The foot pedal is usually on the floor close to where to sewer’s foot will be when sitting in front of the machine. When the foot pedal is pressed in, the machine motor will start and the machine will stitch seams. The machine will stop making stitches once the pedal is released. The pedal is also used to control the speed of the machine motor – by only pressing the pedal in halfway, the motor will only run at half of its capacity, meaning the machine will run at half speed.
All of the above mentioned parts tend to be relatively standard in all sewing machines.
The Sewing Machine Motor
The sewing machine motor won’t be visible on the outside, but that doesn’t mean it isn’t an important part of your industrial sewing machine. In fact, the motor is what distinguishes your industrial sewing machine from a normal one. The motor is what will determine the following capabilities in your machine:
- Toughness: While your whole sewing machine needs to be strong to sew through thick layers of fabric, a strong motor is a must, seeing as motor that’s too weak will burn out if you sew through thick layers of fabric for long periods at a time.
- Endurance: Industrial sewing machine motors are made to sew for hours on end without overheating and burning out.
- Speed: Industrial sewing machines are capable of working faster than domestic ones.
To a large extent, the quality of your industrial sewing machine motor will determine the quality of your machine overall.